United States History for grade 8 covers events and issues from the Age of Exploration through Reconstruction and the western movement, emphasizing the 18th and 19th centuries. Topics covered will include, but are not limited to: exploration, colonization, Revolutionary War, constitutional issues, nation building, Civil War, Reconstruction, and western movement. Standards 1 and 2 should be integrated throughout the course rather than taught independently. The remaining standards can be taught either chronologically or thematically. Although the emphasis of this course is on the 18th and 19th centuries, additional content may be covered as time permits.
1. Students will interpret the role of geography in shaping United States history.
2. Students will investigate the relationship between events of different time periods.
3. Students will understand the changes caused by European exploration in the Americas.
4. Students will analyze European colonization and settlement of North America.
5. Students will understand the significance of the American Revolution in the development of the United States.
6. Students will understand the structure and function of the United States government established by the Constitution.
7. Students will explore the territorial growth of the United States before the Civil War.
8. Students will examine the expansion of the political system and social rights before the Civil War.
9. Students will understand the significance of the Civil War Era to the United States.
10. Students will understand the development of the American West following the Civil War.